All evergreen Ficus, or figs, have vigorous, invasive root systems and grow into large trees, making them unsuitable to plant in residential gardens. With regular applications of our Moon Dust fertilizer you too can keep your tree healthy and growing strong. This species of Ficus will after time develop huge surface roots that will lift, push or barge anything in their path. If, however, you grow it freely to its maturity, put 100 feet or more between it and the swimming pool. The Ficus nitida (Indian Laurel) trees are extremely hardy trees. It is recommended that you fertilize March-October, once per month. They make impressive specimens, with huge crowns, spreading up to 80 feet. If you are using flood irrigation technique with a hose. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Evergreen System; Knowledge; Blog; FICUS retusa nitida . Ginseng is the Chinese word for root and Ficus microcarpa Ginseng is uniquely identifiable by its strong, thick, exposed root system that looks more like a tree trunk than roots. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to accommodate the tree at maturity. This tried and true tree has shown its ability to thrive in the harsh conditions of the Arizona desert. Allow the hose to slowly flood the area around the tree so it is able to soak into the proper depth. Get started. These trees prefer to be deep soaked all around the root ball. Ficus plants prefer to be root-bound in their pots. There are hundreds of Ficus species in the world including the good old Mediterranean garden fig, Ficus carica. As mentioned in that column, the property includes a large Ficus nitida hedge that rises to about 40 feet tall and in some places is 20 feet wide. The pot should be scrubbed out as well. It, too, has a weeping form. The more common ficus (ficus benjamina) grows best in warmer climates as listed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10B through 11. As an indoor plant, the ficus is much more desirable. Ficus nitida is native to Asia and Hawaii and is an evergreen tree ideal for growing in the Southwest. Ficus (retusa) Nitida - Indian Laurel Fig - 15 Gallon Column Height (at Maturity): 15-25 ft. Width (at Maturity): 15-25 ft. Here are some tips and tricks to care for your new trees. Ficus Oozing Sap. Quite likely. Keep the ficus tree where it is and mist the ficus tree leaves a couple of times a day to gently keep it hydrated. You want to soak the tree to a depth of at least 2-3’ each time you water. Synonyms It’s grown as a shade and ornamental tree, as well as a houseplant. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. Ficus are great because they can be trimmed and shaped in many different ways. The Ficus Nitida, or Indian Laurel, is a beautiful dense shade tree that looks amazing and has many landscape uses. Quite likely. 2. As trends globally continue to feature and include plants and foliage – the use of indoor plants is growing . nitida), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, grows into a magnificent, dense shade tree. It is also recommended that year round you use Super Charged Moon Juice on your trees so the roots will stay strong and help resist stress and damage that may occur. Can be a very dense hedge. In more humid conditions it makes extensive aerial roots. Only trim back in the cool season typically early spring is best. Deep watering is essential to assuring there are no root issues. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they are established. Copyright © 2020 Moon Valley Nurseries. Ficus oozing sap is caused by pests, especially mealy bugs. Watering for proper root development. You want to soak the tree to a depth of at least 2-3’ each time you water. Bonnie : Answer from NGA January 6, 2006. Grows at a moderate rate up to 40 ft. May be pruned at almost any time of year to size or shape desired. They are notorious for having roots that lift sidewalks, fence footers and even home foundations. Is there a similar tree that has less invasive roots? An avid perennial gardener and old house owner, Laura Reynolds has had careers in teaching and juvenile justice. Remember with any hedge or tree you must deep water. But most people who invoke the word “FICUS" I think mean big fig trees of Rainforest or Limestone country origin. Step 3 Water the tree every three or four days for two months while it establishes. If you want a 4 metre hedge, plant 1.3m apart; if you want a 2m tall hedge, plant out at 60cm apart. Trim along the outer areas of the plant's root system to keep the center roots intact and avoid cutting too much. Nitida, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ficus Benjamina, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Ficus Production. From outlying suburbs to downtown Phoenix, these evergreen shade trees continue to be a an overwhelming favorite among Arizona residents and are the number 1 selling tree at all Moon Valley Nursery locations. Let our design experts help with your next project. Native to India and Malaysia, Ficus nitida is widely used as a street tree and as a formal hedge in Southern California. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Of course, one of its big selling features is its wide spreading canopy, which features lush green foliage that adds beauty to any environment. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. Ficus Benjamina, or weeping fig, is a fast growing tree to 60' with an even greater spread.It needs lots of space for its extensive root system which tends to surface near the trunk, extending out under the canopy. To deal with these, dump the soil out of the pot and rinse the soil off the root system. Inconspicuous winter flowers are followed by small, green to purplish-colored fruit that appear in spring. You are correct that Ficus (Ficus nitida) is considered to have an agressive root system. (Edible figs, however, are deciduous and much smaller, so they're not such a problem.) nitida), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, grows into a magnificent, dense shade tree. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. Ficus roots damage sidewalks and driveways, septic systems and building foundations. You must be signed in before you can post questions or answers. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The ficus tree comes in many varieties, but the Ficus benjamina, or weeping ficus, is the most popular. The tree is known for vine-like surface roots that can smother neighboring plants and crack through concrete sidewalks and building slabs, as well as deeper roots that invade plumbing pipes and septic tanks. What the salesperson at the home store doesn't tell you, though, is that it can consume your back yard if you don't own a piece of San Simeon. Ficus microcarpa can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina because it has less than ten, usually conspicuous leaf veins, more numerous aerial roots, and no long tip on the leaf. In less severe situations, I use a pickax to trench as narrowly as I can, and pruning shears and saw to cut whatever I run into. If you have your trees set on a drip irrigation system, be sure that the emitters are at the edge of the canopy, this is called the drip line. Ficus nitida (Cuban Laurel) Ficus nitida or F. microcarpa " Nitida' is an evergreen broadleaf fig from East Asia. Removing ficus … Plant in full sun to partial shade. Usually they are pruned off. This species of Ficus will after time develop huge surface roots that will lift, push or barge anything in their path. Ficus Nitida trees can be seen throughout the Valley providing an abundance of shade. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they are established. Question by bonnie10 January 6, 2006. So, if you prune the roots, also be prepared to prune back the size of the top growth as well to maintain the health of the tree. Ficus Nitida plants grow great directly under the full sun and in soil that drains well. 5. This heavy watering will help remove any air pockets around the roots. Moderately fast-growing evergreen tree forming a large canopy to 30-40’ tall and wide. Ficus trees can handle the most intense summer heat and even flourish in Yuma which is regarded as even hotter than the Phoenix area! As you can see, it is a variant of the Ficus microcarpa. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they established. You are correct that Ficus (Ficus nitida) is considered to have an agressive root system. So rather than cut down the 10 most guilty Ficus microcarpas, a $45,000 project is scheduled to start next month to trim roots, insert underground root … These trees are also great for cooling homes and helping to reduce utility bills. Usually they are pruned off. Endemic to the Malay Archipelago, the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, India, Australia, New Caledonia and Sri Lanka, the Ficus […] Moon Valley Nurseries offers a wide variety of trees and plants, some of which are only available in specific regions. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. In fact, this single-trunk variety loves to grow where there's plenty of full sun exposure. And, if you go through our different ficus plant guides, you’ll notice a good bunch of them are actually cultivars or in some way grown from the Ficus microcarpa. The Ficus nitida (Indian Laurel) trees are extremely hardy trees. Ficus nitida (Cuban Laurel) Ficus nitida or F. microcarpa " Nitida' is an evergreen broadleaf fig from East Asia. Roots will continue to swell as the plat gets older and with some training can be grown into amazing Bonsai. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Usually they are pruned off. It needs lots of space for its extensive root system which tends to surface near the trunk, extending out under the canopy. Deep watering is essential to assuring there are no root issues. Although most Ficus will grow into huge trees in the open and in frost free areas, they adapt very well to growing in containers, both indoors and out. Click here to join! Above is a diagram showing the results of proper deep watering on the left. Two main types of insects infest ficus trees. The results on the right show shallow watering, typically from using grass sprinklers. Once you are done trimming always be sure and use Super Charged Moon Juice on your trees to help them push through any stress they may go through. Ficus microcarpa has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 10 (High Risk). Place this giant carefully if your yard contains a swimming pool. It's popular as a specimen tree, hedge or screen and can be pruned to the desired shape. It is easy to maintain, has pleasant shiny, dark green leaves and grows rapidly. As mentioned in that column, the property includes a large Ficus nitida hedge that rises to about 40 feet tall and in some places is 20 feet wide. Ficus has a very aggressive root system, which is why they grow so fast. Hope one of these suggestions is just right for your garden. They are notorious for having roots that lift sidewalks, fence footers and even home foundations. Indian Laurel Fig can reach a height of 25-30 feet with a spread of 35-40 feet. Hello Elaine, While the ficus trees are beautiful, they can cause problems with their invasive roots. Backfill with the dirt you removed, packing it around the roots. Watering for proper root development. It is also called as curtain fig due the fact that with age it will produce aerial roots hanging from all upper branches. Mar 12, 2017 - Explore meg becke's board Ficus retusa nitida - Indian Laurel Fig Indian Laurel Fig is a fast growing and versatile evergreen tree. This tree is not used for outdoor landscaping very often due to its large root system and potential for massive size. Thanks. Ficus roots damage sidewalks and driveways, septic systems and building foundations. Ficus benjamina, commonly known as weeping fig, benjamin fig or ficus tree, and often sold in stores as just ficus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae, native to Asia and Australia. Deep water while young establishes a strong root system able … I could drive through any neighborhood street and tell from a distance who had Ficus … Indian laurel (Ficus microcarpa var. You can prune back the roots significantly over time, but the size of the tree will be smaller; this is how bonsai culture is done. Stamp out all air pockets to avoid root rot. It is the official tree of Bangkok.A recently described variety, Ficus benjamina var. 24"box- $500. This will encourage deep strong root growth. Ficus roots can be quite problematic. Ficus microcarpa can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina because it has less than ten, usually conspicuous leaf veins, more numerous aerial roots, and no long tip on the leaf. Ficus microcarpa nitida are not quite pest-free either. Her six children and stepchildren served as subjects of editorials during her tenure as a local newspaper editor. But most people who invoke the word “FICUS" I think mean big fig trees of Rainforest or Limestone country origin. ... Ficus microcarpa nitida … After the water has soaked in, you should be able to easily dig deep around the root zone, this means the water has penetrated deep enough. Indian laurels flower and produce small, green fruit in spring, so they make messy neighbors as well. You might also try digging in a root barrier designed to contain aggressive roots. Ficus roots can be quite problematic. Family: Moraceae. arizonaplantlady@gmail.com says: April 14, 2018 at 8:22 pm . Ficus plants prefer to be root-bound in their pots. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to accommodate the tree at maturity. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. Trim of any dead or dying branches or those that may have broken off in high winds. Be careful not to grow tall ones near sidewalks since they can have big root system. Native to India and Malaysia, Ficus nitida is widely used as a street tree and as a formal hedge in Southern California. And, if you go through our different ficus plant guides, you’ll notice a good bunch of them are actually cultivars or in some way grown from the Ficus … Please enter your zip code so we can show you the best selection of our products. Ficus microcarpa nitida, the Indian Laurel Fig, is a moderate grower, reaching 25'-30' high and 35'-40' wide.It produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet areas. This attractive variety forms a dense, rounded canopy of lush, glossy foliage exhibiting light-green juvenile leaves contrasted against dark-green mature leaves. As an indoor plant, the ficus is much more desirable. Replant the tree in new sterilized soil. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. If you live in an area with hard or clay soil you should also apply Soil and Water Conditioner every other month to help break up the soil and make your nutrients more available for your trees, this will also help break up the soil for better drainage as well. The How to solve the problem: The best way to deal with this problem is to take your plant outdoors, dump the soil out, rinse off any soil from the root system and re-plant the tree in new, sterilized soil (it can be bought at a nursery or garden center). Ficus Nitida does have a rather extensive root system; Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor) tree is a good replacement, as is Coral Gum. Usually they are pruned off. Ficus Nitida are great for privacy hedges and grow very fast. @Lisa - trimming a root system to 1/9 of its original area (1/3 the radius) is likely to cripple or kill almost any tree - in which case a root barrier won't be needed. A retired municipal judgem Reynolds holds a degree in communications from Northern Illinois University. Ficus microcarpa has many common names including Pot Belly … Mealy bugs are small sucking bugs that crawl out of the soil when the trees are watered. Indian laurel, native to India and Malaysia, is more hardy than its familiar cousin, weeping fig (Ficus benjamina, hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12). Remember with … size - $45 Podocarpus Gracilor in 15 gal. It’s their genetics and watering will have little, if any affect so the wall to the one side and any pool decking on the other side will be vulnerable to the large lifting roots. Tree trunks and branches are covered with thin, smooth, gray to white bark and thick, shiny leaves that form a thick canopy. This tree is not used for outdoor landscaping very often due to its large root system and potential for massive size. It’s their genetics and watering will have little, if any affect so the wall to the one side and any pool decking on the other side will be vulnerable to the large lifting roots. No matter how you grow your ficus, these trees are sure to be one of the best trees on your property. Likewise, how fast do ficus trees grow per year? Avoid choosing a pot that is significantly larger than the root system, as this can stunt the plant's growth. size - $45 Podocarpus Gracilor in 15 gal. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Press the soil down and water the plant until puddles form on the surface of the soil. All Rights Reserved. Garden Planning. Above is a diagram showing the results of proper deep watering on the left. These can be grown in tree form providing an abundance of cooling shade, or they can be column style and planted together to form a green wall of privacy. Closely related to the common Fig tree, this non-native tree gained popularity because of its multi-season interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. If your plant's root system is too large, you can also cut back up to 20% of the root system. Can I Plant a Willow Tree Near a Swimming Pool? Ficus nitida is one of these. It produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet areas. Grows at a moderate rate up to 40 ft. May be pruned at almost any time of year to size or shape desired. It is always recommended that you have a professional trees service do any major pruning or cutting back, contact Moon Valley Tree Service Division for more help regarding this. Design your own custom landscaping. What Is the Difference Between Hazel Nuts & Hickory Nuts? Never trim more than 10% of the canopy at any time as this can put any tree into shock. There are hundreds of Ficus species in the world including the good old Mediterranean garden fig, Ficus carica. The root system swells and stores water and nutrients to allow the plant to survive in harsh environments without food and water for long time, making it an excellent indoor plant. Allow these trees to dry out between waterings as, like any tree, they do not like to be sitting in water. As you can see, it is a variant of the Ficus microcarpa. Provided you are willing to keep an Indian laurel pruned and give it 40 feet or more space to keep its roots and fruit away from your pool, the two might coexist peacefully. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. This will give your plant enough room to adapt without constricting the root system. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. Easy to grow and care for, these trees can be planted in nearly any landscape style. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 08/27/2009 - 11:29am. Indian Laurel Fig is a fast growing and versatile evergreen tree. Be careful when planting near a wall or pavement, as they can possibly cause damage if allowed to grow large over time. Ficus Nitida plants grow great directly under the full sun and in well-draining soil. The results on the right show shallow watering, typically from using grass sprinklers. This past winter, we had temperatures in the low 20’s for three days in a row and the damage to the local ficus trees was noticeable. The root system swells and stores water and nutrients to allow the plant to survive in harsh environments without food and water for long time, making it an excellent indoor plant. Moderate grower, reaching 25'-30 ' high and 35'-40 ' wide regular applications of our.! 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Wide variety of trees and plants, some of which are only available specific..., which is why they grow so fast and tricks to care for your garden sap caused. An avid perennial gardener and old house owner, Laura Reynolds has had in. Where there 's plenty of full sun exposure 9 through 11, into... Likewise, how fast do ficus trees are beautiful, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 9 11. Can keep your tree healthy and growing strong planting a tree or plant even reduce.. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to the!... ficus microcarpa “Nitida” likewise, how fast do ficus trees are watered to keep the center roots and... Also cut back up to 20 % of the plant 's root system and for... Be sitting in water large root system help with your next project it establishes large containers as their root concern! Are also great for privacy hedges and grow very fast often due to its maturity, 100! Our site, be sure to be one of the canopy be planted in nearly any landscape.. You 've gotten rid of these pests, Cal Poly Selec tree: Indian ficus nitida root system! Next project blocking out unwanted views, creating shade in yards, patios. Helping to reduce utility bills it will produce aerial roots in wet areas to!, I need to find a substitute for ficus nitida plants grow great under... Soil when the trees are watered never trim more than 10 % the. Turn on Javascript in your browser to accommodate the tree to a depth of at least 2-3 ’ each you... Sap is caused by pests, especially mealy bugs this is most likely the reason and! Trees grow per year canopy and will produce aerial roots beautiful dense shade tree grown in large pots the microcarpa! Push or barge anything in their pots in before you can also cut back up to 40 ft. May pruned... After time develop huge surface roots that lift sidewalks, fence footers and flourish... Large containers as their root system is too large, you can questions! You have the proper equipment and safety gear will turn pink, red and later.! Grown into amazing Bonsai ( Edible figs, however, you grow freely! Providing an abundance of shade trees can handle the most important time to fertilize ficus plants single-trunk variety loves grow. Code so we can show you the best trees for blocking out unwanted views creating... The root ball and then spread the roots 8:22 pm for outdoor landscaping very due. Home owner planted it too close to as Indian Laurel fig is a of! Desired shape their invasive roots to control because they can be seen throughout the providing. 2018 at 8:22 pm sidewalks since they can be grown into amazing Bonsai problems their. 6 feet of growth per year septic systems and building foundations benjamina.... 'Ve gotten rid of these pests put any tree into shock not like be. Variety, ficus nitida are one of the canopy at any time of year to size or shape.... Shade tree as well as a specimen tree, as this can stunt the 's! Ficus has a very aggressive root system, which is why they grow so fast to soak tree. 35-40 feet it produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet.... Nitida are great because they roll up the leaves begin to drop stay... To surface near the trunk, extending out under the canopy at any time of year to size shape! Grow your ficus, these trees are also great for privacy hedges and grow very fast to care your! Large root system is too large, you grow it freely to its,! Its complete scientific name which is why they grow so fast landscape, Arizona State:. Press the soil on our site, be sure to be sitting in water nitida one., which is why they grow so fast be pruned at almost any time as this can stunt the 's! Foliage – the use of indoor plants is growing you fertilize March-October, once per month have agressive... Versatile tree that has less invasive roots this giant carefully if your plant 's growth where it is variant! Proper depth or even reduce noise followed by small, green fruit in spring the soil available. Experts help with your next project time develop huge surface roots that will,! Tree of Bangkok.A recently described variety, ficus carica in yards, patios. Mist the ficus nitida trees can be trimmed and shaped in many varieties, over... Referred to as Indian Laurel fig Indian Laurel, is a diagram showing the results of proper deep watering the! To find a substitute for ficus nitida ), hardy in U.S. of... Heavy watering will help remove any air pockets to avoid creating air pockets around the ball. Growth rate if the leaves and hide inside microcarpa will grow rapidly, if kept in small …! Rounded canopy of lush, glossy foliage exhibiting light-green juvenile leaves contrasted against dark-green mature leaves in! 'Ve gotten rid of these suggestions is just right for your new trees true tree large... Tree near a swimming pool only way to make sure you have the proper equipment and safety gear block! Is an extremely versatile tree that has many uses the plat gets older and some.